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What Issues Can Affect Groundwater

Clean groundwater is an important resource for millions of people in America, however there are many different issues that can affect groundwater and how it is used. Here are a few important issues to consider.

 

Groundwater Legislation

 

How much groundwater landowners are legally allowed to have varies on the state and jurisdiction that they live in. Before people or companies can attempt to obtain any groundwater (even it is on property someone owns) it is important that they understand the specific groundwater legislation that pertains to them. The Rule of Capture allows landowners to drill for as much groundwater as they can use. Riparian Rights means landowners can only drill for groundwater based on an amount of surface area they own. Reasonable Use Rule specifies that people can obtain as much groundwater as they need as long as it does not damage other properties or aquifers.

 

Fracking

 

Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is the process of using a pressurized liquid (usually a combination of water and chemicals) to fracture rock, often shale, used for mining. Recent studies have shown that fracking due to the chemicals and the highly pressurized process that is used in fracking can contaminate groundwater supplies. Contaminated groundwater poses a serious threat for millions of Americans who rely on groundwater for drinking, cleaning, and living.

 

 

Other Factors in Groundwater Contamination

Hydraulic fracturing contributing to groundwater contamination has been in the public thanks to media attention to the issue from documentaries like Gasland; however there are other issues that can potentially contaminate groundwater. Salt on the road and chemical leaks from vehicles (such as transmission, gas or oil leaks) can cause groundwater contamination. Other chemicals like herbicides, insecticides, and pesticides (for agricultural or even just personal use) can seep into the groundwater when it rains and cause contamination.

Storage Tanks and Hazardous Waste Leaks

Storage tanks containing chemicals like oil and gasoline can be stored above ground or below ground. Some of these storage tanks have corroded and cracked leaking chemicals into the ground and contaminating the groundwater that millions of people rely on. Hazardous material, even in smaller containers like barrels, can still leak causing groundwater contamination.

When it comes to obtaining groundwater it is important to ensure you have followed all legal processes to access groundwater properly. It is also important to know what can affect groundwater in your area from issues with hydraulic fracking to chemical and hazardous waste leaking into the groundwater system. Making sure you have access to clean groundwater is imperative.

American Water Surveyors has helped private landowners, farmers, ranchers, well drillers, real estate developers, municipalities, and golf course developers find and access clean groundwater across America. Contact us for more information on how we can help you locate water sources so your water well drillers know where to drill.

July 29, 2014 at 9:24 am Comments (0)

What is the impact of fracking on our water sources in North America

With the expansion of the oil sands in North America, and the desire to create a north-south pipeline from Canada to southern United States, we have been inundated with the real and asserted risks of continuing to develop the oil sands and the added risks associated with a form of technology being used called fracking, or hydraulic fracturing. It is interesting to note that most people would say this is a new technology when in fact it was first experimented on in 1947, with applicable commercial use by 1949, and by 2012, it was being used in over 2.5 million well jobs in the United States. Hydraulic fracturing is what is sounds – fracturing the earth’s rocks by using a highly pressurized liquid, usually a mixture of water and sand and chemicals; this liquid, under extreme pressure, in injected in to a wellbore to create small fractures within the rock formation – this will then allow the migration of natural gas and petroleum to the well. From a business perspective, it is a win-win situation – these fracking increases the productivity of that well without having to drill another.

Impact of fracking on water source

But how does fracking impact the ground water source? What does the creation of these small fractures do the water source? Should people be concerned that this technology has a greater potential for damaging our earth’s water tables than most people admit? Perhaps a more immediate question is what is the impact of the quantity of water in these regions seeing as how the use of water for this process is astronomical? Are companies tapping into our current ground water sources? Where are they getting their water from? According to the Carbon Brief, Banhart, Texas, a small community in the centre of the shale gas industry, says it is running out of water due to the high use of water – it is creating pressure on the already struggling water source. Others dismiss this claim by expressing statistics that show less than 1% of water use is for fracking. The reality is this community is that for whatever reason – drought, overuse by fracking, etc. – lack of water is becoming an issue. This should be the focus. Rather than looking for a place to lay blame, people need to work together to address future use.

A common goal that we must all have is how to ensure our water sources are safe, clean and protected so that water does not become an extinct resource. We must effectively use our water, regardless of what it is used for. We have to be smarter about our approach to water use. At American Water Surveyors, we are dedicated to being the premier service provider in the water finding industry. We use the world’s leading edge technology to measure groundwater depths and yields. Our applications assist ranchers/farmers, municipalities, homeowners, real estate developers, golf course developers, water well drillers and any other entity requiring well locating or completion planning. We use technology to ensure that we find you water, and do it efficiently. Call or email American Water Surveyors at info@wefindwater.com to find out more about our services or to request a quote.

 

July 24, 2014 at 6:45 am Comments (0)

How Science Finds Groundwater

Geology, a.k.a Rocks!

Rocks are one of the biggest indicators for the likelihood of groundwater accumulation or aquifers. Certain rocks, both above ground and underground can indicate the likely presence of water. Some characteristics that geologists watch for are ground rocks with large cracks that could allow water to drain or seep down and collect. Underground, continuous sedimentary rock shelves can indicate an aquifer, depending on what’s above ground and the geographical location.

Aquifers are supplied by the natural seepage of rainwater through the earth and rocks above ground and a good hydrologist will be able to determine the chances of shallow groundwater reserves (such as in valleys) or deeply located aquifers.

Existing Water Sources

Due diligence is another major part of how scientists determine where groundwater is likely to be found. Even in arid places, ground water can be found by paying close attention to area plant life. The problem with this is that even in areas where a swamp may be visible, or a water loving species of plant, the shallow ground water located in the area may not be a sufficient amount to deem it usable for consumption.

Canvasing an area to determine where current or past wells have been located is another indicator to the likelihood of finding a usable ground water source.

Best Scientific Methods

Electro-Seismic: This method has been found to be the most accurate and cost effective method for locating groundwater for wells prior to drilling, and is quickly becoming the method of choice for land-owners, farmers, developers, utility companies, and domestic wells.

Bore Hole Hydro Physical Logging: This method involves drilling a series of holes deep into the ground and doing a series of extensive tests in order to map, determine depth and water quality of the aquifer. This method is used by municipal water districts and developers to locate new groundwater sources for growing populations and although it is very expensive, it’s a proven method.

Not So Scientific Methods

Dowsing: Also known as water-witching, is an entirely non-scientific method that people have attempted to use to locate ground water for eons. The method has been tested time and time again and has been found lacking in many ways. A “Y” or “L” shaped twig or apparatus is used and is held in hand, parallel to the ground and the ‘dowser’ walks over the area where water is suspected and waits for the twig to twitch or dip down toward the ground – this apparently indicates water. This is a method also used, verbatim, to find oil deposits and gem stones. It is clear why the method is quickly debunked, on account of the huge amount of human influence and error involved.

Finding ground water is an important endeavor that is still under development. Technology is an important part of this discovery process, and as technology changes and adapts, so do ground water location methods.

Need to find ground water?  Call us.  We use very accurate and scientific seismoelectric technology to save you time, money and hassle in locating water.  Call before you dig.  Well drillers charge by the foot whether they strike water or not.   Don’t risk a dry hole and thousands of dollars.  Put our experience, equipment and technology to work for you.

Contact American Water Surveyors at:

Call: 877-SEISMO1 (734-7661) or 817-788-5716

Fax:  817-210-4225

Email: info@wefindwater.com

July 15, 2014 at 3:41 pm Comments (0)