We Find Water

Better than Your Best Guess

Drilling for water has never been an easy thing to do. Imagine having to dig your own well with a shovel, and a bucket, and your own strength. You dig, fill the bucket, empty the bucket and keep on working until you hit water, and the hole begins to fill. Not a nice job; and that wasn’t the end of it. The sides of the well had to be braced with rocks and stones or some other material so that it wouldn’t collapse, and then covered with a cap made of brick, stone or concrete. Of course that’s not the way it’s usually done today, thank goodness.

The dug well had limitations. It couldn’t be deeper than the top of the water table. There were limitations in the next stage of well production as well. By the mid twentieth century, people were producing wells using augers or pipes driven into the ground. Augers or pipes could only go down to the point where they hit water and then they had to stop, limited by their length. As well, neither of these instruments could produce a wide hole, so the amount of water the well produced was limited.

The modern way to get a water well is to drill it, in the same way that the oil industry drills for oil. The advantage is that the drillers can produce a deep well, one that produces a lot of water and delivers it with the help of a pump that pushes the water up to the surface. The drilling rigs are mounted on the back of trucks and they use rotary drills to smash their way down through the rocks and the ground. The disadvantages to drilled wells is their expense and the environmental mess they make.

No matter what method is used to drill for water, one initial problem remains. How can the landowner be sure — before bringing in the drilling rigs, or the man with the shovel and bucket — that there will be water at the bottom of the hole? There were a few common methods. Sometimes people determined the presence of water based on the types of vegetation in the area, other times they hired a water diviner to walk across the area with a forked stick. Another method was to throw a hat into the air and drill where it landed. In other words, they made their best guess.

Today, we can do better than that. Seismoelectric technology can find water without blindly drilling down 1,000 feet. The equipment sends a sound pulse through the ground that gathers information that can be used to determine the amount of water that drilling in that spot will yield. The information that comes back can provide the landowner with enough to know how much water will come from the aquifer, how long it will last and how fast it will flow. This is very much better than guessing.

 

If you want help to determine the best place to drill your next well, you will save money and time by calling American Water Surveyors first at 1877-SEISMO1 (734-7661) or info@wefindwater.com.

March 31, 2014 at 7:31 pm Comments (0)

Consider the Benefits of Ground Water

When you’re building a home, establishing a real estate development or putting up any kind of building, water is always a major consideration because having a clean and reliable source of water is essential for health and happiness.

If you have the potential to access ground water in your area, it’s a good idea to make every effort to find it and put in a well to get at it because there are many advantages to having your water supply come from deep underground – as opposed to an above ground source like a creek or lake.

Clean, cool and plentiful

For the most part, groundwater is the safest source of water you can find. If your aquifer is located at least 65 feet from a septic system or other sewage treatment facility, it’s highly unlikely it will ever be polluted because the water is filtered naturally as it percolates down from the surface through layers of sand, and rock. Wells accessing groundwater are generally closed, so there is little risk of contamination and also no possibility of children or animals falling in – making this kind of well safer than others.

Don’t forget that the temperature of water deep underground tends to remain more stable, so it will feel cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter than above ground sources, which tend to fluctuate rapidly with the changing temperatures; and since the well is so deep, there is little evaporation, which means there will be a higher chance that you won’t experience drastic water shortages during the hot summer months.

Soft and free

Ground water also tends to be a source of naturally soft water, with less dissolved minerals than are found in most above ground and urban water systems. Hard water that contains lots of dissolved solids can make your soap lather poorly and lead to a buildup of lime scale that can damage your plumbing and promote corrosion in your system.

Finally, after the initial cost of drilling your well and getting things set up, using ground water is essentially free and unrestricted. So you can say goodbye to water bills and water use restrictions when your groundwater well is put in place.

But before you get too excited about a ground water well installation, it’s important to have your local water tested to make sure it’s suitable for use, and you’ll need to have it tested on an ongoing basis to ensure its purity and safety. That being said, developing a groundwater system is much less expensive and time consuming than putting a surface water system in place.

If you’re ready to get started on your ground water well, look no further than American Water Surveyors to help you in your search. American Water Surveyors has been using state-of-the art EKS technology for over a decade to successfully find water depths, quantities and quality at locations throughout the United States. Call AWS today at 1-877-SEISMO1 to get started on your well project today.

March 20, 2014 at 8:27 am Comments (0)

Understanding Groundwater – Why it’s so Important to Know Where to Find Water

We all know that groundwater is a valuable resource that lies beneath most land surfaces and that about 90% of the rural population relies heavily on groundwater for their households. Without it, they could not live.

Due to the importance and vulnerability of groundwater, we will discuss some basic information about how water develops below the ground’s surface. In turn, you can use this knowledge to protect your groundwater so that your family and future generations can continue to depend on this priceless resource.

As well, understanding the basics about groundwater makes it clearer why it’s so important to know where to look for water.

What is Groundwater?

Groundwater is sub-surface water that fills pore spaces and openings in rock and soil layers.

How Does Groundwater Come to Be?

Groundwater is one part of the earth’s water cycle. The water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, involves the movement of water in the form of water vapour, snow, rain, surface and ground water.

Water is continuously circulating from the surface of the earth into the atmosphere and back down as precipitation. Some of the water that falls as precipitation penetrates the ground, thus becoming groundwater.

The ground is layered as follows:

  • Below the ground’s surface is an unsaturated zone, which the water travels through to reach lower zones.
  • The water table is the point at which the ground is completely saturated.
  • Below this saturated level, the pore spaces between every grain of rock and soil crevice completely fill with water.

Aquifers and Aquicludes

The layers of rock and soil below the water table are classified in two categories:

  • Aquifers: Water bearing layers that yield water to wells in usable amounts. They are usually made of sandstone, sand, or gravel. They have large pore spaces between grains that water moves freely.
  • Aquicludes: Water bearing formations that cannot yield adequate amounts of water for wells. Examples are unfractured coal and shale and clay. The pore spaces are so tiny that the water moves very slowly.

The Flow of Groundwater

Groundwater continuously moves, often extremely slow. Due to gravity, it moves from higher areas to lower elevations.

Knowing the direction of groundwater flow is increasingly important because of the danger of contamination to groundwater supplies. Shallow water table aquifers are more prone to surface contaminants such as petroleum products, sewage, manure and pesticides when they enter the ground at higher elevations than the water well. Thus proper well location and separation distances from potential contaminants reduce this risk.

Factors that Affect Groundwater Quality:

  • Depth from the surface
  • Climatic variations
  • Chemical makeup of the sediments through which groundwater moves

As you can see, there are many factors involved in water well drilling, so it’s best to hire a professional.

If you need to drill a well and want to find the best water source, call American Water Surveyors at 877-SEISMO1 (734-7661), or email us at info@wefindwater.com . We are an American water surveying company that uses state-of-the-art equipment. For more information check out our website.

March 15, 2014 at 5:01 am Comments (0)